Arthritis is the name given to a group of disorders which affect the joints. There are many types of arthritis, each with their own underlying causes and slight variations in symptoms. However, most people with arthritis of any kind will experience some degree of pain, swelling, and compromised range of motion in the affected joint. Arthritis effects people of all ages, genders, and backgrounds. However, many forms of arthritis are more prevalent in older adults.
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. Although it may effect young people, it is most common in older individuals. In fact, the vast majority of people over the age of 70 exhibit some symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). OA results from wear on the joints and a corresponding loss of cartilage, the tissue between bones in a joint that allows for flexibility and motion. Advanced age, injury to a joint, and obesity are the most prevalent underlying causes of the cartilage deterioration characteristic of OA. The most common symptom of OA is pain the affected joint. This pain is often worse after activity; playing sports or spending time on one’s feet at work, for example. Pain may also be associated with long periods of inactivity, such as sitting and watching a movie. Swelling and stiffness in the joint are also common in OA, and are often worse later in the day. Although OA can affect anyone, it is slightly more common than women in men, and sometimes has a genetic component. Its symptoms can range from barely noticeable to debilitating.
Although there is no cure for OA, it is possible to treat the symptoms to increase joint mobility and decrease pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs, prescription medications, injections, and sometimes surgery can all be helpful. Other interventions, such as physical therapy, massage, and exercise, can also lessen the symptoms of OA and lead to improved quality of life for those who suffer from the disease.
Edison Home Health Care is happy to advise and assist you or any loved one who seek appropriate care of Arthritis problems. Give us a call at 888-311-1142, or fill out a contact form and we will respond shortly.